Metal Braces

Metal braces are the most common type. They are made of high-grade stainless steel. Today's metal braces are smaller, more comfortable and more attractive. For patients that have a Nickel allergy, we offer nickel-free, Molybdenum alloy brackets as an alternative.

Ceramic Braces

Ceramic braces are made of translucent (clear) material. They are most popular with adult patients, due to their cosmetic appeal. The only drawback to ceramic brackets is that they are more fragile, and the elastic ties can discolor between orthodontic visits.


The Invisalign® System is a series of clear overlay templates—called aligners—that have been generated by computer simulation to gradually move the teeth. This system is available to adult patients with certain orthodontic bite problems. Contact our office if you are a candidate for the Invisalign® system.

Hyrax Expansion Appliance

The hyrax expansion appliance is used when the upper jaw is narrow causing crowding and upper back teeth fitting inside the lower back teeth. This appliance is generally worn for approximately six months and allows a suture that runs along the roof of the mouth to expand. This appliance fits around the upper first molar and fits along the roof of the mouth.

Thumb/Finger Appliance

Sucking is a natural reflex that relaxes and comforts babies and toddlers. Thumb sucking that persists as the permanent front teeth eruption can cause improper growth of the mouth and misalignment of the teeth. One solution to thumb sucking is an appliance called a "habit breaking appliance." This appliance consists of semicircular stainless steel wires that are fastened to the upper six year molars using steel bands. The stainless steel wires fit behind the child's upper front teeth, and they are barely visible. This appliance is highly successful at ceasing this habit.

Forsus Appliance

The Forsus appliance is used in order to help move the upper teeth back while moving the lower arch forward. Composed of a spring coil rod, the appliance is used while a patient is currently wearing braces. It runs from the upper first molar band down to the lower archwire.


Elastics are a vital part of treatment and patient compliance is critical. They add extra pressure to the braces to help align the bite. Generally elastics are worn at all times (excluding eating and brushing your teeth), elastics should be changed at least twice daily. They come in various sizes as they are each used for a specific purpose. Consistent elastic wear is important to not setback treatment. Please view the simulations below to see the effects of elastic wear.